New York DMV Chapter 9: Alcohol and Other Drugs

If violent thoughts and feelings are acted on, it can lead to an aggravated assault charge. About 27% of aggravated assaults are committed by individuals who have used alcohol. Aggravated assault means causing serious injury, such as bodily harm to another person. Roughly 40% of convicted murderers were under the influence of alcohol when they took someone else’s life. Not only does alcohol make it more likely that an individual will commit violent acts, it also escalates the severity of those acts. A person who may have stopped an incident at aggravated assault while sober may continue the assault until it progresses to murder while drunk.

Further, from 2006 to 2010, the CDC found that approximately 7,756 homicides annually were linked to excessive alcohol use. Alcohol causes disinhibition, a state that can cause people to act impulsively and in ways they otherwise wouldn’t. This sense of disinhibition can make it more difficult for a person to restrain themselves or ignore certain thoughts, such as those that may trigger acts of violent crime. Domestic violence is a pattern of behaviors used to contain power and control in an intimate relationship. It is also known as intimate partner violence (IPV), dating abuse, or relationship abuse. Outbreaks of methanol poisoning have occurred when methanol is used to adulterate moonshine (bootleg liquor).[18] Methanol has a high toxicity in humans.

Seeking Support From Others

Alcohol also increases carelessness and distraction, leading to negligent homicide; this is when a person accidentally kills another through their action or inaction. Homicide carries the most severe penalties of any crime in most jurisdictions, including the death penalty. Research has been undertaken into the possibility of identifying medication to block cravings for specific drugs without creating secondary dependency, but much remains to be done in this area. The need for medical and social research in the prevention and treatment of substance abuse as well as rehabilitation, has become more urgent, particularly with the world-wide increase in abuse and addiction among young people. In such research, emphasis should be given to the fact that intravenous substance abuse raises the risk of contracting communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, arising from the sharing of needles and other injection equipment.

Alcohol dependence is also a category of mental disorder in DSM–IV (APA, 1994), although the criteria are slightly different from those used by ICD–10. For example a strong desire or compulsion to use substances is not included in DSM–IV, whereas more criteria relate to harmful consequences of use. It should be noted that DSM is currently under revision, but the final version of DSM–V will not be published until 2013 (APA, 2010). Alcohol presents particularly serious consequences in young people due to a higher level of vulnerability to the adverse effects of alcohol (see Section 2.12 on special populations). Males were more likely than females to consume alcohol weekly or more frequently, especially in Waves 3 and 4 where percentages for males were almost twice those for females.

Encouraging Community Safety Through Prevention

Theater revenues declined rather than increase, and few of the other economic benefits that had been predicted came to pass. Prohibition’s supporters were initially surprised by what did not come to pass during the dry era. When the law went into effect, they expected sales of clothing and household goods to skyrocket. Real estate developers and landlords expected rents to rise as saloons closed and neighborhoods improved. Theater producers expected new crowds as Americans looked for new ways to entertain themselves without alcohol.